About your Search

20120928
20121006
STATION
FOXNEWS 16
CNN 14
CNNW 12
MSNBC 6
MSNBCW 6
CSPAN 4
CSPAN2 4
KPIX (CBS) 3
KRCB (PBS) 2
WRC (NBC) 2
KGO (ABC) 1
KNTV (NBC) 1
KQED (PBS) 1
KQEH (PBS) 1
KTVU (FOX) 1
( more )
LANGUAGE
English 91
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 91 (some duplicates have been removed)
the law. >> the founders were very clear on this. the judiciary should be insulated from political pressure. you have the executive, you have the legislative branches, both of them elected. but the judiciary should be insulated. what say you to that? >> what i say to that is that they were meant to be independent to make law or to execute law on their own. and when that happens, the balance of power has to come in, either the legislative branch has to hold them accountable. we have a split legislature. so they couldn't do it. or the governor needs to hold them accountable. the governor won't do it. the opinion has never been executed. so it's the people of iowa who have to hold them accountable. we agree that the judiciary should be free of politics. well don't want them looking over their shoulder except to stay within their constitutional parameters, because god help us all if we allow a court to be independent to make law and execute law, because we call that tyranny, not liberty. and that's what we -- >> there are also those who would argue that the word that you use is activis
in a critical battle ground state. >>> a judge blocking part of pennsylvania's controversial voter i.d. law. opponents said the law was aimed at stopping minorities and the elderly from casting ballots. >> my sense is that the republicans did this to beat obama. >> supporters argued it was hadn't to stop fraud. >> no one will be disenfranchised by the fraud. >> tonight what this decision means for the presidential election. >>> plus, trouble in the seats. seats coming loose on american airlines jets. >> my son's seat was kind of like almost falling off. we were trying to push it in and hold it in. >> i think the faa needs to look at this incident. >> now planes grounded and serious questions about safety. >>> and when this ball player stepped to the plate for the first time in the majors, a wild pitch knocked him down. >> i didn't get out away enough and it caught up under my helmet. >> now seven years later, one team is giving him another chance. tonight adam greenberg back in the big leagues. i'm bill hemmer in for shepard smith. one of the toughest voter i.d. laws in the country cannot t
might have evidence that jesus christ had a wife. last week, a law professor who happens to be running for national office, was still defending her american indian ancestry. in fact, the liberal professor, elizabeth warren, has been talking about this since last spring, when the issue came up during her campaign to unseat senator scott brown, a republican. miss warren is a star in the democratic universe, a new and improved hillary clinton. perhaps even a presidential candidate, they say. she spent time as an adviser to president obam abut as the story goes, the republicans and even perhaps a few democrats ran her out of town. senator brown, if you haven't been paying attention, won his traditionally democratic seat in a special election after the death of senator ted kennedy, a tipoff to the white house that trouble lurk in the land of hope and change. so this is an extremely critical election for both parties as they fight to control the u.s. senate. it is a wonder that senator brown won an election in the people's republic of massachusetts t. might even take a miracle for him to hol
begins anew on "studio b" today. the verdict is in. after challenges to a controversial voting law in the key battleground state of pennsylvania forcing everyone to show a photo i.d. before casting a ballot. we will tell you if the law will stand. >> we are a day away from the first of three presidential debates. ahead is a look at the issues that will be front and center for president obama and governor romney. >> plus, one of the biggest u.s. airlines reports more problems involving loose seats forcing emergency landing and now the airline is responding to accusations of sabotage. that is ahead unless breaking news changes everything. this is "studio b" today. >> first from fox at 3:00, democrats today winning a major court decision that could have a profound affect on one of the biggest swing states in next month's presidential election. a pennsylvania judge today blocked a tough and controversial new law that would require voters to show valid photo identification. the republican-led state legislature passed the law in march. supporters claim it would prevent fraud and insure t
has until tuesday to rule on a controversial voter i.d. law. at issue is whether the new law disenfranchises voters. some people face obstacles just trying to get the photo identification card. >> reporter: was this easy to get or too hard to get? >> it was very hard to get. >> reporter: 68-year-old doris clark was turned down three times, applying for her pennsylvania voter i.d. card. and every time, she says, the state wanted another document. original birth certificate, original social security card, then she needed her husband's death certificate when a clerk demanded proof of her married name. after four tries she got the card but resented all the obstacles. >> you feel like why am i going through all these things? i'm not bin laden's wife. you know? i've been here all my life. i've been voting since it's been legal for me to vote. >> reporter: clark's testimony in state court in pennsylvania represents a growing legal challenge to voter i.d. laws, specifically how difficult some states have made it for voters to actually get the cards, especially voters who are low inco
. it depends on the freedom of citizens to speak their minds and assemble without fear. and on the rule of law and due process that guarantees the rights of all people. in other words, a true democracy, real freedom is hard work. those in power have to resist the temptation to crack down on dissidents. in hard economic times, countries must be tempted -- may be tempted to rally the people around perceived enemies at home and abroad, rather than focusing on the pain-staking work of reform. moreover, there will always be those who reject human progress. dictators to cling to power. corrupt interests that depend on the status quo. and extremists who fanned the flames of hate and division. from northern ireland to south asia. from africa to the americas. from the balkans to the pacific rim, we have witnessed the convulsions that can accompany transitions to a new political order. at the time, the conflicts arise along the fault lines of race or tribe and often they arise from the difficulties of reconciling tradition and faith with the diversity and independence of the modern world. in every count
ahead, why is the obama administration telling companies to break the law? how can the president justify this? making matters worse, the president is promising to pay the legal bills of the companies breaking the law with, you guessed it, taxpayer money. this story is likely to unglue you. former governor haley barbour is outraged. he's here and next. also you must hear what these two men are saying. senator john mccain and governogovernor chris christie. could the obama secret weapon be used against them? a new twist that will you have talking. stick around. nnouncer ] how do u make 70,000 trades a second... ♪ reach one customer at a time? ♪ or help doctors turn billions of bytes of shared information... ♪ into a fifth anniversary of remission? ♪ whatever your business challenge, dell has the technology and services to help you solve it. droid does. and does it launch apps by voice while learning your voice ? launch cab4me. droid does. keep left at the fork. does it do turn-by-turn navigation ? droid does. with verizon, america's largest 4g lte network, and motorola, droid does.
in the united states they have to meet the requirements of many different countries laws, and sometimes it is difficult to become a supplier to a high brand-name a anchor tenant because they don't want to have their brand integrity challenge door product challenge and they are trying to deliver the best product at the best point possible to get more market share and global dominance. so when we talk of a trusted suppliers that one set of suppliers and that's another set of getting into the to process these are both very important. >> dennis was speaking from mississippi in case you couldn't tell from my accent. when you're eating cat fish you don't know if it came from the delta or the vietnam. the food source is truly global but with extending that to deny what you just a little bit further we do have the food and drug administration, the united states department of agriculture regulations, and so to extend your analogy is there a role for regulation in cyberspace? what are the proper roles as melissa mentioned the policy levers to read this is to each of the panelists. >> as i said at
it comes to your health. >> since president obama's health care law was enacted 3.1 million people under the age of 26 will covered by their parents' plans and preventive care is covered 100% by insurance companies. seniors in particular have benefitted on prescription drugs. >> seniors who fall in the coverage gap known assist the doughnut hole will start getting help. they will receive $250 to help pay for prescriptions and that will over time fill in the doughnut hole. >> 5.5 million seniors saved a total of nearly $4.5 billion on prescription drugs since the law was enacted. that's according to the health and human services department. >> i have strengthened medicare. we have added years to the life of medicare. we did it by getting rid of taxpayers subsidies to insurance companies that weren't making people healthier. >> by 2014 the law requires everyone to have health insurance, whether they purchase it themselves or through their employers. insurers cannot deny you if you have a preexisting condition or increase your rates. in hopes of covering more people the law plans to expand
. defying the laws of history, we did just that. we gathered the exiles. we store our -- restored our independence and rebuild our life. the jewish people have come home. we will never be uprooted again. [applause] yom kippur.as your income f we have come together on this day of reflection and atonement. we take stock of our past. we pray for our future. we remembered are persecution -- our persecution. we remember the great travails of our dispersion. we mourn the extermination of 6 million people in the holocaust. but at the end of this holiday, we celebrate the birth of israel. we celebrate the terrorism of our young men and women who defended -- heroism of our younn and women who defended israel. in israel, we walk the same paths tried by abraham and jacob. we blaze new trails in science, technology, medicine, agriculture. in israel, the past and the future find common ground. unfortunately, that is not the case in many other countries. today, a great battle is being waged between the modern and the medieval. the forces of maternity seek a bright future -- modernity seek a bright
a hearing today on a challenge to the state law that requires voters to show a photo i.d. the judge has until tuesday to rule. and we asked wyatt andrews to fill us in on what's at stake. >> was this easy to get or too hard to get? >> it was very hard to get. >> reporter: 68-year-old doris rkark was turned down three ng fs applying for her pennsylvania voter i.d. card, nd every time, she says, the state wanted another document-- original birth certificate, original social security card. then she needed her husband's death certificate, when a clerk demanded proof of her married name. after four tries she got the card but resented all the obstacles. >> you feel like why am i going arough all these things? i'm not bin laden's wife, you know. i've been here all my life. vove been voting since it's been legal for me to vote. >> reporter: clark's testimony in state court in pennsylvania represents a growing legal challenge to voter i.d. laws, specifically, how difficult some cuates have made it for voters to actually get the cards, more likely to live in poverty. >> hey, hey, ho-ho- >> report
to respond to it. you saw this week, he touted his health care law in massachusetts, which was a little awkward for him. but he's kind of showing that he does have an empathetic side. but meanwhile the obama campaign is also coming back. they're releasing new web ad this morning. they're slamming him for bain again for his private equity experience. so i think you're going to see these themes recurring again and again. >> okay. good to see you both as always. thank you. >>> we're going to go now to the weekend weather forecast and get a live look at new york city. and there we have nbc meteorologist -- that's part of new york city. but doesn't look like the usual beautiful view. that's really pretty. look at that. central park kind of nice. >> very nice. >> that's the usual spot right there. we see times square, which is pretty empty this time of day. good morning to you. >> good morning to you, too. nice to see a little greenery first thing on a saturday morning. in new york city. even with the fog, that mist, that drizzle that mist in the air. we're going to see some improvements as w
argued before the court thinks he'll do it gradually. >> he's not trying to move the law radically quickly. i think justice scalia or justice thomas really want to get to the end answer as quickly as possible and make the law conform to what they really understand. whereas the chief justice is more incrementalist. >> reporter: but conservative court watcher doesn't believe anything wl chan any time soon. >> certainly this is not a crusading conservative court. until we have a shift i think in the membership of the court, it's impossible to call it a court that leans more to the left or to the right. >> and, wolf, for those opinions that could be close five-to-four decisions close attention will also be paid to justice kennedy who is frequently the swing vote in some of the toughest cases. >> going to be some very important cases coming up. joe, thanks very, very much. let's dig a bit deeper right now with our senior legal analyst jeffrey toobin. his new book entitled "the oath" debuts this week atumber five on the "new york times" best seller list. congratulations, jeff. good work.
to respect international law. we probably violated the sovereignty with drones and covert action than we did under brush and there's a whole new set of questions there. i could -- the list could go on it seems like we have problems with the institution and we have problems with our ability to lead within the institution. i was wondering what your reaction to one or both of the issues. one is a generally statement. i agree with the ideas to win. you know, the power the soviet unions were strong. when the soviet union was strong and the idea of liberal internationalism will be strong as we can prove by example. the world of social networking which is the em emulation is hugely a powerful force in the world. .. and the whole number of rather meaningful things are done. the international criminal court . the key of the treaty. the land that -- antipersonnel landmines ban, small arms agreement. all of them were done with the u.s. voting exam. and the votes were like 178 to one and one pattern 46 with 18. those kinds of votes. in the u.s. was the only democracy with the exception of an drolen tip
to investigate what it calls racist voting laws in the united states. the controversial case in today's "kelly's court." one senator is calling it benghazi gait. the growing questions about the killings of four americans in libya and how the white house characterized it from the days since. we'll have reaction from the former white house chief of stop andy card. >> al qaeda sacks an embassy and kills an ambassador. the administration didn't want to admit it. the administration thinking if it stringt out long enough the media would let it slide. [ male announcer ] sponges take your mark. [ female announcer ] one drop of ultra daw has twice the everyday grease cleaning ingredients eading non-concentrated brand... to clean 2x more greasy dishes. dawn does more. so it's not a chore. megyn: 2:31 in the east. back to our top story. several deputy kralts on the senate foreign relations committee have joined republicans sending a lower the state department asking what kind of intelligence we had prior to the attack on four americans in benghazi. the administration blamed that attack on a protest that
has just enumerated, but also because the world has changed around us. in part because the laws our policy. we spent an awful lot of time, effort and money after world war ii creating an international system, economic system in particular to stimulate the growth in the rest of the world. so, this is the success of the policy of several decades that has made us relatively less strong in terms of disposable cash and disposable incentives to get to the behavior that we want to see. militarily, we surely are as strong as we have ever been, but we live in a world that has a number of nuclear powers and we still live in the world before 1957 that had not. so, other than us. you know, to me it hardly even seems worth debating this is a different world. >> i was told we have to debate. [inaudible] the decline is the wrong word. i think the world is getting more crowded. they are growing faster and in economic terms the u.s. will have the west shared wealth for the years ahead but there isn't a country by the way that is as jessica said that is a story of american success. it's for 60 years
the death penalty. not a violation of the double jeopardy clause. >> thank you. >> so that's what the law is in this area, but we have to see the court's decision. >> thank you, paul. i appreciate you doing that so last minute. we're flat out of time. show is over. thank you to you and newsroom international starts now with suzanne malveaux. >> okay. >>> welcome to "newsroom international." i'm suzanne malrow. we're teaing you around the world in 60 minutes. the grabbed the world's attention if he u.n. general assembly. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu standing with a simple drawing of a bomb by his side, a pen in his hand showing world leaders literally where red line should be drawn on iran. today netanyahu will have the attention of both presidential candidates. president obama will be making a phone call to the israeli leader today. so is the man who wants to take his job, mitt romney. no doubt both of the conversations netanyahu will be pressing his case on iran. specifically what the u.s. is & other allied countries need to do to stop iran from getting a nuclear bomb. so he
the antitrust laws. that was ideological and they did not like william jennings bryan because they thought he was a socialist. they said if you want our thinking and the white house, we want somebody who sees things our way. the great line that came after that was that theodore roosevelt could not stay bought. theodore roosevelt said we should have public funding out of the treasury. if you look back at the supreme court in the citizens united case, you see a court that has two dare -- very different views over what is happening. we have your view which is a perfectly respectable view of the aspirations that there will these -- will be these independent groups speaking and saying what they want to say. it will be fully disclosed and it will not be corrupting independents. then you have the minority that caught the reality of most of the spending this year. their view was that this would be funded by giant corporations with specific legislative interests. that is why they will give so much money. it turns out it is not fully disclosed. it turns out it is not for individual candidates. it perha
that is bad news. >> brian: the cia director briefed law makers and said it was a spontanous attack. but our sources said ca anyhow what was going on and had the name. a senator out of tennessee this is turning into something like benghazigate. and john kerry has come forward and circulating a letter bipartisan asking the secretary of state to come forward and explain the attack necessary egypt, libya and yemen. when john kerry who is auditioning to be the next secretary of state can't stand it anymore you know you have problems. >> 9/11 was the 11th anniversary and there are 11 opportunities for terrorist, al-qaida to do something like don't you think it was a retaliation over the last couple of weeks, including the dnc and president obama and joe biden said bin laden is dead and gm is alive. that was a bumper sticker of the saying. and that was rallying up al-qaida. why would the administration cover up al-qaida? >> rudy guiliani what is wrong with governor mitt romney saying look at all of the problems here and he wants answers. and i think that governor romney was vindicated by hises whe
law. you might remember it. today the court begins a new term and it could bring more high-profile rulings on issues from affirmative action to gay marriages. pete is at the supreme court. well, look. it's going to be some landmark decisions. it seems they're coming down in the way the court is signaling in the cases it took. is that a fair way to interpret all this, pete? >> so far it's taken one case on affirmative action, chuck. it's a big case. a challenge by a white student to the universities consideration of race in rounding out the freshman class. the last time the supreme court looked aet this nine years ago, it upheld the affirmative action. that was written by sandra day o'connor. she's left. alito has taken over. the requirement that in states that have a history of racial discrimination, that they have to get federal permission before they make any changes in their elections. it's widely expected the court will grant that kay. feeble the regulation for same-sex marriage. the court hasn't decided this act yet either. it's with a virtual certainty the court will
health care law last june. so how might mitt romney change the high court if he becomes president of the united states? he's already giving all of us some major clues. let's bring in cnn's crime and justice correspondent joe johns who's taking a closer look. what are you seeing? >> the supreme court doesn't get talked about that much on the campaign trail. but choosing a justice is one of the most important things a president does. it's how on administration puts its mark on some of the nation east toughest, most divisive issues. and we have a look at how mitt romney might handle it if he's president. whenever mitt romney fielded questions during the primaries about his picks for the supreme court, he was armed with a stock republican answer. >> what i would look to do would be to appoint people to the supreme court that will follow strictly the constitution as opposed to to legislating from the bench. >> reporter: but he wouldn't choose a favorite. >> would you pick one, please? >> yes, roberts, thomas, alito and scalia. >> reporter: all that changed in june when roberts cast the
sanjay gupta zeros in what's at stake. >> reporter: since president obama's health care law was enacted 3.1 million people under the age of 26 are now carried by their parents' plans and preventive care is carried 100% by insurance companies. seniors in particular have benefitted on prescription drugs. >> seniors who fall in the coverage gap known as the donut hole will start getting some help. they'll receive 250 dollars to help pay for prescriptions and that will, over time, fill in the donut hole. >> reporter: 5.5 million seniors have saved a total of nearly $4.5 billion on prescription drugs since the law was enacted, according to the health and human services department. he also plans to slow spending on medicare. >> i have strengthened medicare. we have added years to the life of medicare. we did it by getting rid of taxpayer subsidies to insurance companies that weren't making people healthier. >> reporter: by 2014, the law requires everyone to he health insurance whether they purchase it themselves or through their employeers. insurance can't deny you if you have a pre-existing co
ways to reduce the number of abortions. we got to think about why our law enforcement community --our working mothers are in trouble. we have to get free natal care for them. have too many children coming into kindergarten behind, and if we lose them in kindergarten, we lose them for ever. 2500 kids in a program here in omaha that are provided refuge that are being sexually abused in their own home. we got to pay attention to them, and we got to help them and the moms and the community leaders who are trying to help this problem. i do not think we should regulate women in making these decisions. it does not stop there. there is lots more that needs to make sure that that children have a fair and decent opportunity to live to their full potential. >> i am pro life. i believe in the sanctity of life. i believe there should be an exception made for the life of the mother. what we are looking at is an economy that is hurting families. we're looking at an economy that tends to hurt women more. the situation we're in the last four years, it is hurting women. women are not able to find jobs.
the boundary of the law, when you prosecute them, they don't do it again. >> there were prosecutions in acorn cases, dozens of acorn workers were prosecuted for voter registration fraud. and they pleaded guilty in a felony case. and suspected fake signatures on indiana that put hillary clinton and president obama on the 2008 ballot there. and they told they never signed those ballots. >> they face trial in this case in january. ap as for the later case in florida, prosecutors are investigating and criminal charges could be coming. of course, if you suspect voter fraud where you live. we want to know about it, voter fraud@foxnews.com is our address and next to jamie, where you are, discussing the pennsylvania voter i.d. case at 11:30 in the morning, our guest will be deputy secretary of state shannon royer, a judge expected any day now to rule on this voter i.d. will be allowed in the pennsylvania-- the state supreme court, and back to the lower court. the decision on that contentious case expected by monday. >> kelly: the battle ground continues, eric. thank you. ♪ >> where should a red li
one on the world stage. you see, iran's election law says he can't run again and elections are set for 2013. so i asked him about israeli strikes and obama's warnings. you've indicated that you think that the israeli prime minister's threats toward iran are ones you don't take very seriously, but i was wondering how seriously you take the rhetoric of the president of the united states. president obama said at the united nations that he was determined to prevent iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. do you regard that as a bluff? >> translator: you set forth two or three questions here. i have never used the word "bluff." when we say we do not take it seriously, we mean that it impacts -- it does not impact our policies in the slightest. iran is a vast country, is a great country. let's assume a few terrorists come and assassinate some of our officials. will the country be damaged? >> no.no. a couple of bombs will be set to explode. will t country be destroyed? no. we see the design of regime at the same level as the bombers and the criminals and the terrorists and even if they do so
question >> no, sir. no, sir. >> do you want a dead son-in- law, miss celie was recce keep advising him like you do. >> as the novel is based -- we are joined by the renowned author alice walker to further discuss the legacy. we will also speak about other writings, social and political activism in support of the palestinians and about the coming presidential election. alice walker, welcome to "democracy now!" it is great to be with you. yesterday your before a crowd of about 1200 people in the audience at the fall for the book festival in arlington, virginia. you read from "the color purple," and talked about its importance. tell us on this 30th anniversary this year, your thoughts about what brought you to write this work. >> i wanted to spend more time with my grandparents and they had died long ago. and my parents. so i set out to write a book in which i could literally live for year or two and be with them by creating characters who resembled them and by giving them a life they might have had, that in fact, many of them did not have. >> for especially young people who may not have
're looking for blasphemy laws, in other words it would be illegal to be critical of the prophet or critical of islam. that's what they're arguing. that's what morsi, who's taking $2 billion, is lecturing us that we must do and our president is pandering and apologizing for a film he had nothing to do with. >> i see him condemning the lack of tolerance it. i think that's a really important -- >> sean: wait a second. the lack of tolerance comes from the president himself, and the left, basically making an argument on behalf of or explaining the way the actions you saw in the middle east. they're basically saying, look, this is why it happened. it happened because people said mean things. the truths is, if you care about the first amendment, the freedom to say what you think, to express your opinion, you unequivocally the right for people to say unpopular things and not get killed for it. >> no, no, tucker, i think you actually affirm the first amendment, but you also have the right and you reserve the right to condemn when -- >> sean: alexis, why did the president -- and hillary, his administ
company, has joined avis, hertz, thrifty dollar, and national to support a federal law to make it impossible to rent cars without first fixing them. the credit this morning going to the two-year-long campaign, led by the mother of these two sisters, who were killed in a car crash after their rental car had caught on fire. >> they had been incinerated in the car. >> reporter: raechel and sister, jacquie, were heading to a family reunion in 2004, after renting a car from enterprise. >> you want them to drive something safe. >> reporter: when they arrived, they were told they were upgraded to a chrysler p.t. cruiser. but they were not told that enterprise had received a recall notice from chrysler, one month earlier, in september 2004. warning that the power steering fluid on the p.t. cruiser could leak and result in an underhood fire. on their way back home on highway 1, the warning became reality, as the p.t. cruiser engine caught fire. >> all the black noxious smoke would go immediately fill the engine compartment. you wouldn't be able to see or breathe. you had no steering. an
it a tragic accident. the u.n. security council condemned the bombing and called it a violation of law. turkey shelled military posts. the turkish prime minister says it it doesn't want to go to war but asked the parliament to approve further attacks. >>> a police officer shot an un armed driver. the victim was a national guardsman. he cut off two police vehicles on the grand central parkway yesterday morning. officers pulled him over, and tommed him to put his hands -- and told him to put his hands up and shot him. they claimed he was reaching under his seat but passenger says his hands were on the wheel. >>> federal investigators are looking in to whether two border agents may have been shot in a fire incident. it happened tuesday near the u.s.-mexico border in arizona. u.s. officials originally blamed it on armed criminals but now, investigators is say they can't rule out whether shots were fired in the friendly fire incident. one of the agents died, a second one was wounded. >>> san francisco has a new catholic archbishop this morning. more than 2000 worshipers filled st. mary's yesterday
spending, the country ached when they also announced 43 new laws they say will fix the economy, the people shrugged. no one really believes that will work, because spaniards aren't working-- that's the problem-- unemployment is rampant now over 25%. whilst the property crash that started the crisis is still festering. further austerity measures will simply suck more money out of the economy and threaten an even deeper recession. spain is trying to save a total of 40 billion from its budget which will hurt. it won't be as excruciately painful as a new round of cuts in greece. they are trying to save an extra 12 billion from a budget that has already been pared to the bone. no one is spared the pain greece not even the most vulnerable. disabled protestors took to the streets today pleading for their benefits not to be cut further. they can no longer even afford the medicine they need they say. >> sreenivasan: the greek government today came to basic agreement on $15 billion worth of cuts in spending over the next two years. the country needs to make the cuts if it wants to keep receiving bai
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 91 (some duplicates have been removed)